Guinea Fowl

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The Guinea Fowl family is a group of insect and seed eating, ground nesting birds rather similar to partridges.
Cinnamon Female.JPG

They have featherless heads and in the original form, spangled grey plumage. Nowadays there are many more colours available.

They are large birds which measure from 40-71 cm in length, and weigh 700-1600 g.

Origin: Africa Photo from Cinnamon Female courtesy Trevor Hunt 2006


According to the Guinea Fowl International Association, there are 22 colour varieties varying from Fully Pearled, Partially Pearled through to Solid.

There is a fantastic Colour Chart here listing the following colours (not all available in Australia)

Fully Pearled

Pearled Grey

Pied Pearled Grey


Light Lavender




Partially Pearled

Royal Purple


Coral Blue

Light Blue








Sky Blue

Powder Blue





Eggs Guinea eggs are small and quite pointed at one end with extremely hard shells. They taste very similar to Chook eggs.

Comments Some of the advantages of Guinea Fowl: • They act as very efficient watch dogs and are constantly on guard. • They will pick up a large part of their own food during the warmer months if given space. • In the winter they eat less grain then most domestic fowl. • They carry few of the diseases dangerous to other domestic fowl. • Guinea Fowl eggs are considered a delicacy and have a good flavour. • Guinea Fowl meat is classed as a game meat and described by many as half way between a free range chicken and a pheasant and commands premium rates.

Some Disadvantages of Guinea Fowl: • They can be very noisy • They can roam large distances • They are flighty and difficult to tame (although can be trained to come to food) • The lay eggs seasonally • Broodies are easily taken by foxes • Happiest in flocks


Guinea Fowl, which originated in Africa, were domesticated more than 4000 years ago, and in Roman times regarded as a table delicacy. They were spread across Europe in two waves, firstly by the Romans. In Greek mythology two Caledonian women were killed and turned into Guinea Fowl. Their tears turned into the white spots on the Guinea Fowl plumage. Following the fall of the Roman Empire their popularity died out until Portuguese traders re introduced them around the 15th century and they have remained ever since.


Male and Female Head Short and broad with the helmet on the top. A narrow band of hairlike plumage runs down the back of the head and neck. Nostrils are prominent. Beak is short, stout and well curved. Eyes are to be large, round and alert. Wattles stiff, wide, smooth, and free from wrinkles or folds. The Male helmet and wattles are usually larger than the female.

Legs and Feet

Shanks fairly short and unfeathered. Toes straight, well spread and strong.

Serious Defects

Crooked back or breast. Decidedly wry tail. Want of size. Any other deformity.


Need room to roam to be happy, and as they are flock birds are happiest with a group of companions. If they are brought up with chooks they will happily be a part of a flock of chooks. They can be very noisy so are not really suited to suburban backyards.

Sources & Links

Reference - The Australian Poultry Standards, First Edition

Guineafowl International Website

Guineafowl International Colour Chart

Guineafowl International Genetics

Guineafowl International Articles

United Kingdom Guineafowl

Wikipedia Guineafowl Page

Backyard Poultry Forum Breed Profile by NellyG